Deeplearning4J is an Apache 2.0-licensed, open-source, distributed neural net library written in Java and Scala.
Deeplearning4J integrates with Hadoop and Spark and runs on several backends that enable use of CPUs and GPUs. The aim is to create a plug-and-play solution that is more convention than configuration, and which allows for fast prototyping.
The most recent stable release in Maven Central is 0.4-rc3.8, and the current master is 0.4-rc3.9-SNAPSHOT. For more on working with snapshots, see this page.
Deeplearning4j alternatives and similar libraries
Based on the "Machine Learning" category.
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9.8 10.0 L2 Deeplearning4j VS Apache FlinkFast and reliable large-scale data processing engine.
9.7 9.7 L1 Deeplearning4j VS Apache HadoopStorage and large-scale processing of data-sets on clusters of commodity hardware.
7.9 6.7 L3 Deeplearning4j VS Apache MahoutScalable algorithms focused on collaborative filtering, clustering and classification.
7.5 0.0 Deeplearning4j VS DeepDiveCreates structured information from unstructured data and integrates it into an existing database.
7.3 0.0 Deeplearning4j VS PorcupineOn-device wake word detection engine powered by deep learning.
7.3 2.5 L4 Deeplearning4j VS Oryx 2A framework for building real-time large scale machine learning applications, which also includes end-to-end applications for collaborative filtering, classification, regression, and clustering.
An Engine-Agnostic Deep Learning Framework in Java
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The Eclipse Deeplearning4J (DL4J) ecosystem is a set of projects intended to support all the needs of a JVM based deep learning application. This means starting with the raw data, loading and preprocessing it from wherever and whatever format it is in to building and tuning a wide variety of simple and complex deep learning networks.
Because Deeplearning4J runs on the JVM you can use it with a wide variety of JVM based languages other than Java, like Scala, Kotlin, Clojure and many more.
The DL4J stack comprises of:
- DL4J: High level API to build MultiLayerNetworks and ComputationGraphs with a variety of layers, including custom ones. Supports importing Keras models from h5, including tf.keras models (as of 1.0.0-beta7) and also supports distributed training on Apache Spark
- ND4J: General purpose linear algebra library with over 500 mathematical, linear algebra and deep learning operations. ND4J is based on the highly-optimized C++ codebase LibND4J that provides CPU (AVX2/512) and GPU (CUDA) support and acceleration by libraries such as OpenBLAS, OneDNN (MKL-DNN), cuDNN, cuBLAS, etc
- SameDiff : Part of the ND4J library, SameDiff is our automatic differentiation / deep learning framework. SameDiff uses a graph-based (define then run) approach, similar to TensorFlow graph mode. Eager graph (TensorFlow 2.x eager/PyTorch) graph execution is planned. SameDiff supports importing TensorFlow frozen model format .pb (protobuf) models. Import for ONNX, TensorFlow SavedModel and Keras models are planned. Deeplearning4j also has full SameDiff support for easily writing custom layers and loss functions.
- DataVec: ETL for machine learning data in a wide variety of formats and files (HDFS, Spark, Images, Video, Audio, CSV, Excel etc)
- Arbiter: Library for hyperparameter search
- LibND4J : C++ library that underpins everything. For more information on how the JVM acceses native arrays and operations refer to JavaCPP
All projects in the DL4J ecosystem support Windows, Linux and macOS. Hardware support includes CUDA GPUs (10.0, 10.1, 10.2 except OSX), x86 CPU (x86_64, avx2, avx512), ARM CPU (arm, arm64, armhf) and PowerPC (ppc64le).
Using Eclipse Deeplearning4J in your project
Deeplearning4J has quite a few dependencies. For this reason we only support usage with a build tool.
<dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.deeplearning4j</groupId> <artifactId>deeplearning4j-core</artifactId> <version>1.0.0-beta7</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.nd4j</groupId> <artifactId>nd4j-native-platform</artifactId> <version>1.0.0-beta7</version> </dependency> </dependencies>
Add these dependencies to your pom.xml file to use Deeplearning4J with the CPU backend. A full standalone project example is available in the example repository, if you want to start a new Maven project from scratch.
A taste of code
Deeplearning4J offers a very high level API for defining even complex neural networks. The following example code shows you how LeNet, a convolutional neural network, is defined in DL4J.
MultiLayerConfiguration conf = new NeuralNetConfiguration.Builder() .seed(seed) .l2(0.0005) .weightInit(WeightInit.XAVIER) .updater(new Adam(1e-3)) .list() .layer(new ConvolutionLayer.Builder(5, 5) .stride(1,1) .nOut(20) .activation(Activation.IDENTITY) .build()) .layer(new SubsamplingLayer.Builder(PoolingType.MAX) .kernelSize(2,2) .stride(2,2) .build()) .layer(new ConvolutionLayer.Builder(5, 5) .stride(1,1) .nOut(50) .activation(Activation.IDENTITY) .build()) .layer(new SubsamplingLayer.Builder(PoolingType.MAX) .kernelSize(2,2) .stride(2,2) .build()) .layer(new DenseLayer.Builder().activation(Activation.RELU) .nOut(500).build()) .layer(new OutputLayer.Builder(LossFunctions.LossFunction.NEGATIVELOGLIKELIHOOD) .nOut(outputNum) .activation(Activation.SOFTMAX) .build()) .setInputType(InputType.convolutionalFlat(28,28,1)) .build();
Documentation, Guides and Tutorials
You can find the official documentation for Deeplearning4J and the other libraries of its ecosystem at http://deeplearning4j.konduit.ai/.
Want some examples?
We have separate repository with various examples available: https://github.com/eclipse/deeplearning4j-examples
Building from source
It is preferred to use the official pre-compiled releases (see above). But if you want to build from source, first take a look at the prerequisites for building from source here: https://deeplearning4j.konduit.ai/getting-started/build-from-source.
To build everything, we can use commands like
./change-cuda-versions.sh x.x ./change-scala-versions.sh 2.xx ./change-spark-versions.sh x mvn clean install -Dmaven.test.skip -Dlibnd4j.cuda=x.x -Dlibnd4j.compute=xx
mvn -B -V -U clean install -pl '!jumpy,!pydatavec,!pydl4j' -Dlibnd4j.platform=linux-x86_64 -Dlibnd4j.chip=cuda -Dlibnd4j.cuda=9.2 -Dlibnd4j.compute=<your GPU CC> -Djavacpp.platform=linux-x86_64 -Dmaven.test.skip=true
An example of GPU "CC" or compute capability is 61 for Titan X Pascal.
[Apache License 2.0](LICENSE)
Deeplearning4J is actively developed by the team at Konduit K.K..
*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Deeplearning4j README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.