Apache RocketMQ™ is an open source distributed messaging and streaming data platform.

Programming language: Java
License: Apache License 2.0
Latest version: v4.7.0

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Apache RocketMQ

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Apache RocketMQ is a distributed messaging and streaming platform with low latency, high performance and reliability, trillion-level capacity and flexible scalability.

It offers a variety of features:

  • Messaging patterns including publish/subscribe, request/reply and streaming
  • Financial grade transactional message
  • Built-in fault tolerance and high availability configuration options base on [DLedger Controller](docs/cn/controller/quick_start.md)
  • Built-in message tracing capability, also support opentracing
  • Versatile big-data and streaming ecosystem integration
  • Message retroactivity by time or offset
  • Reliable FIFO and strict ordered messaging in the same queue
  • Efficient pull and push consumption model
  • Million-level message accumulation capacity in a single queue
  • Multiple messaging protocols like gRPC, MQTT, JMS and OpenMessaging
  • Flexible distributed scale-out deployment architecture
  • Lightning-fast batch message exchange system
  • Various message filter mechanics such as SQL and Tag
  • Docker images for isolated testing and cloud isolated clusters
  • Feature-rich administrative dashboard for configuration, metrics and monitoring
  • Authentication and authorization
  • Free open source connectors, for both sources and sinks

* Lightweight real-time computing

Quick Start

This paragraph guides you through steps of installing RocketMQ in different ways. For local development and testing, only one instance will be created for each component.

Run RocketMQ locally

RocketMQ runs on all major operating systems and requires only a Java JDK version 8 or higher to be installed. To check, run java -version:

$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_121"

For Windows users, click here to download the 4.9.4 RocketMQ binary release, unpack it to your local disk, such as D:\rocketmq. For macOS and Linux users, execute following commands:

# Download release from the Apache mirror
$ wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/rocketmq/4.9.4/rocketmq-all-4.9.4-bin-release.zip

# Unpack the release
$ unzip rocketmq-all-4.9.4-bin-release.zip

Prepare a terminal and change to the extracted bin directory:

$ cd rocketmq-4.9.4/bin

1) Start NameServer

NameServer will be listening at, make sure that the port is not used by others on the local machine, and then do as follows.

For macOS and Linux users:

### start Name Server
$ nohup sh mqnamesrv &

### check whether Name Server is successfully started
$ tail -f ~/logs/rocketmqlogs/namesrv.log
The Name Server boot success...

For Windows users, you need set environment variables first:

  • From the desktop, right click the Computer icon.
  • Choose Properties from the context menu.
  • Click the Advanced system settings link.
  • Click Environment Variables.
  • Add Environment ROCKETMQ_HOME="D:\rocketmq".

Then change directory to rocketmq, type and run:

$ mqnamesrv.cmd
The Name Server boot success...

2) Start Broker

For macOS and Linux users:

### start Broker
$ nohup sh bin/mqbroker -n localhost:9876 &

### check whether Broker is successfully started, eg: Broker's IP is, Broker's name is broker-a
$ tail -f ~/logs/rocketmqlogs/broker.log
The broker[broker-a,] boot success...

For Windows users:

$ mqbroker.cmd -n localhost:9876
The broker[broker-a,] boot success...

Run RocketMQ in Docker

You can run RocketMQ on your own machine within Docker containers, host network will be used to expose listening port in the container.

1) Start NameServer

$ docker run -it --net=host apache/rocketmq ./mqnamesrv

2) Start Broker

$ docker run -it --net=host --mount source=/tmp/store,target=/home/rocketmq/store apache/rocketmq ./mqbroker -n localhost:9876

Run RocketMQ in Kubernetes

You can also run a RocketMQ cluster within a Kubernetes cluster using RocketMQ Operator. Before your operations, make sure that kubectl and related kubeconfig file installed on your machine.

1) Install CRDs

### install CRDs
$ git clone https://github.com/apache/rocketmq-operator
$ cd rocketmq-operator && make deploy

### check whether CRDs is successfully installed
$ kubectl get crd | grep rocketmq.apache.org
brokers.rocketmq.apache.org                 2022-05-12T09:23:18Z
consoles.rocketmq.apache.org                2022-05-12T09:23:19Z
nameservices.rocketmq.apache.org            2022-05-12T09:23:18Z
topictransfers.rocketmq.apache.org          2022-05-12T09:23:19Z

### check whether operator is running
$ kubectl get pods | grep rocketmq-operator
rocketmq-operator-6f65c77c49-8hwmj   1/1     Running   0          93s

2) Create Cluster Instance

### create RocketMQ cluster resource
$ cd example && kubectl create -f rocketmq_v1alpha1_rocketmq_cluster.yaml

### check whether cluster resources is running
$ kubectl get sts
NAME                 READY   AGE
broker-0-master      1/1     107m
broker-0-replica-1   1/1     107m
name-service         1/1     107m

Apache RocketMQ Community

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Apache License, Version 2.0 Copyright (C) Apache Software Foundation

Export Control Notice

This distribution includes cryptographic software. The country in which you currently reside may have restrictions on the import, possession, use, and/or re-export to another country, of encryption software. BEFORE using any encryption software, please check your country's laws, regulations and policies concerning the import, possession, or use, and re-export of encryption software, to see if this is permitted. See http://www.wassenaar.org/ for more information.

The U.S. Government Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), has classified this software as Export Commodity Control Number (ECCN) 5D002.C.1, which includes information security software using or performing cryptographic functions with asymmetric algorithms. The form and manner of this Apache Software Foundation distribution makes it eligible for export under the License Exception ENC Technology Software Unrestricted (TSU) exception (see the BIS Export Administration Regulations, Section 740.13) for both object code and source code.

The following provides more details on the included cryptographic software:

This software uses Apache Commons Crypto (https://commons.apache.org/proper/commons-crypto/) to support authentication, and encryption and decryption of data sent across the network between services.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Apache RocketMQ README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.