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Code Quality Rank: L3
Programming language: Java
Tags: Miscellaneous    
Latest version: v2.0.0

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README

Modernizer Maven Plugin

Maven Central

Modernizer Maven Plugin detects uses of legacy APIs which modern Java versions supersede. These modern APIs are often more performant, safer, and idiomatic than the legacy equivalents. For example, Modernizer can detect uses of Vector instead of ArrayList, String.getBytes(String) instead of String.getBytes(Charset), and Guava Objects.equal instead of Java 7 Objects.equals. The default configuration detects roughly 200 legacy APIs, including third-party libraries like Apache Commons, Guava, and Joda-Time.

Configuration

To run Modernizer, add the following to the <plugins> stanza in your pom.xml then invoke mvn modernizer:modernizer:

<plugin>
  <groupId>org.gaul</groupId>
  <artifactId>modernizer-maven-plugin</artifactId>
  <version>2.0.0</version>
  <configuration>
    <javaVersion>1.8</javaVersion>
  </configuration>
</plugin>

The <configuration> stanza can contain several elements:

  • <javaVersion> enables violations based on target Java version, e.g., 1.8. For example, Modernizer will detect uses of Vector as violations when targeting Java 1.2 but not when targeting Java 1.1. Required parameter.
  • <failOnViolations> fail phase if Modernizer detects any violations. Defaults to true.
  • <includeTestClasses> run Modernizer on test classes. Defaults to true.
  • <violationsFile> user-specified violation file. Also disables standard violation checks. Can point to classpath using absolute paths, e.g. classpath:/your/file.xml.
  • <violationsFiles> user-specified violations file. The latter files override violations from the former ones, including violationsFile and the default violations. Can point to classpath using absolute paths, e.g. classpath:/your/file.xml.
  • <exclusionsFile> disables user-specified violations. This is a text file with one exclusion per line in the javap format: java/lang/String.getBytes:(Ljava/lang/String;)[B. Empty lines and lines starting with # are ignored.
  • <exclusions> violations to disable. Each exclusion should be in the javap format: java/lang/String.getBytes:(Ljava/lang/String;)[B.
  • <exclusionPatterns> violation patterns to disable, specified using <exclusionPattern> child elements. Each exclusion should be a regular expression that matches the javap format: java/lang/.* of a violation.
  • <ignorePackages> package prefixes to ignore, specified using <ignorePackage> child elements. Specifying foo.bar subsequently ignores foo.bar.*, foo.bar.baz.* and so on.
  • <ignoreClassNamePatterns> full qualified class names (incl. package) to ignore, specified using <ignoreClassNamePattern> child elements. Each exclusion should be a regular expression that matches a package and/or class; the package will be / not . separated (ASM's format).
  • <ignoreGeneratedClasses> classes annotated with annotations that contain "Generated" in their name will be ignored.

To run Modernizer during the verify phase of your build, add the following to the modernizer <plugin> stanza in your pom.xml:

<executions>
  <execution>
    <id>modernizer</id>
    <phase>verify</phase>
    <goals>
      <goal>modernizer</goal>
    </goals>
  </execution>
</executions>

Command-line flags can override Modernizer configuration and ModernizerMojo documents all of these. The most commonly used flags:

  • -Dmodernizer.failOnViolations - fail phase if violations detected, defaults to true
  • -Dmodernizer.skip - skip plugin execution, defaults to false

Ignoring elements

Code can suppress violations within a class or method via an annotation. First add the following dependency to your pom.xml:

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.gaul</groupId>
    <artifactId>modernizer-maven-annotations</artifactId>
    <version>2.0.0</version>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

Then add @SuppressModernizer to the element to ignore:

import org.gaul.modernizer_maven_annotations.SuppressModernizer;

public class Example {
    @SuppressModernizer
    public static void method() { ... }
}

References

  • ASM provides Java bytecode introspection which enables Modernizer's checks
  • Checkstyle IllegalInstantiation and Regexp checks can mimic some of Modernizer's functionality
  • Google Error Prone JdkObsolete can mimic some of Modernizer's functionality
  • Gradle Modernizer Plugin provides a Gradle interface to Modernizer
  • javac -Xlint:deprecated detects uses of interfaces with @Deprecated annotations
  • Overstock.com library-detectors detects uses of interfaces with @Beta annotations

License

Copyright (C) 2014-2019 Andrew Gaul

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Modernizer README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.