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Latest version: v2.0.0

Adopt Open JDK alternatives and similar libraries

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README

Repository for code and instructions for building OpenJDK

Build Status Slack

AdoptOpenJDK makes use of these scripts to build binaries on the build farm at https://ci.adoptopenjdk.net, which produces OpenJDK binaries for consumption via https://www.adoptopenjdk.net and https://api.adoptopenjdk.net.

TL;DR: I want to build a JDK NOW!

Build jdk natively on your system

To do this you will need to have your machine set up with a suitable compiler and various other tools available. We set up our machines using ansible playbooks from the openjdk-infrastructure repository. You can also look at the dockerfile generator for a list of required packages for Ubuntu.

Once you've got all of the prerequisites installed, clone this openjdk-build repository (git clone https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-build and kick off a build a follows with this script. The -J parameter specifies the "boot JDK" which should generally be one major version prior to the one you are building (although one of the same major version will also work). Note that the build variant defaults to HotSpot if omitted.

./makejdk-any-platform.sh (-J /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-xx) (--build-variant <hotspot|openj9|corretto|SapMachine|dragonwell>) <jdk8u|jdk11u|jdk15u|jdk>

e.g.

./makejdk-any-platform.sh -J /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-10.0.2 --build-variant hotspot jdk11u

How do I build OpenJDK in a docker image?

If you do not want to set up your machine with all the prerequisites for building OpenJDK, you can use our docker images under the [docker] directory as follows (first version builds HotSpot, second builds J9 - the final parameter can be adjusted to build whichever version you want as long as we can generate valid dockerfile for it):

./makejdk-any-platform.sh --docker --clean-docker-build jdk8u
./makejdk-any-platform.sh --docker --clean-docker-build --build-variant openj9 jdk11u

We test these dockerfiles on a regular basis in the Dockerfilecheck job to ensure they continue to work in a stable fashion.

Repository contents

This repository contains several useful scripts in order to build OpenJDK personally or at build farm scale.

  1. The build-farm folder contains shell scripts for multi configuration Jenkins build jobs used for building Adopt OpenJDK binaries.
  2. The docker folder contains tools for generating dockerfiles which can be used as part of building OpenJDK inside a Docker container.
  3. The docs folder contains images and utility scripts to produce up to date documentation.
  4. The git-hg folder contains scripts to clone an OpenJDK mercurial forest into a GitHub repo ()and regularly update it).
  5. The mercurial-tags/java-tool folder contains scripts for TODO.
  6. The pipelines folder contains the Groovy pipeline scripts for Jenkins (e.g. build | test | checksum | release).
  7. The sbin folder contains the scripts that actually build (AdoptOpenJDK). build.sh is the entry point which can be used stand alone but is typically called by the native-build.sh or docker-build.sh scripts (which themselves are typically called by makejdk-any-platform.sh).
  8. The security folder contains a script and cacerts file that is bundled with the JDK and used when building OpenJDK: the cacerts file is an important file that's used to enable SSL connections.

The makejdk-any-platform.sh script

makejdk-any-platform.sh is the entry point for building (Adopt) OpenJDK binaries. Building natively or in a docker container are both supported. This script (and its supporting scripts) have defaults, but you can override these as needed. The scripts will auto detect the platform and architecture it is running on and configure the OpenJDK build accordingly. The supporting scripts will also download and locally install any required dependencies for the OpenJDK build, e.g. The ALSA sound and Freetype font libraries.

Many of the configuration options are passed through to the configure and make commands that OpenJDK uses to build binaries. Please see the appropriate README-builds.html file for the OpenJDK source repository that you are building.

NOTE: Usage can be found via makejdk-any-platform.sh --help. Here is the man page re-formatted for convenience.

USAGE

./makejdk-any-platform [options] version

Please visit https://www.adoptopenjdk.net for further support.

VERSIONS

jdk8u - Build Java 8, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk8u
jdk9u - Build Java 9, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk9u
jdk10u - Build Java 10, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk10u
jdk11u - Build Java 11, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk11u
jdk12u - Build Java 12, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk12u
jdk13u - Build Java 13, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk13u
jdk - Build Latest Java (Alpha/Beta), defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk
jfx - Build OpenJFX, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jfx
amber - Build Project Amber, defaults to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-amber

OPTIONS

-b, --branch <branch>
specify a custom branch to build from, e.g. dev.
For reference, AdoptOpenJDK GitHub source repos default to the dev
branch which may contain a very small diff set to the master branch
(which is a clone from the OpenJDK mercurial forest).

-B, --build-number <build_number>
specify the OpenJDK build number to build from, e.g. b12.
For reference, OpenJDK version numbers look like 1.8.0_162-b12 (for Java 8) or
9.0.4+11 (for Java 9+) with the build number being the suffix at the end.

--build-variant <variant_name>
specify a OpenJDK build variant, e.g. openj9.
For reference, the default variant is hotspot and does not need to be specified.

-c, --clean-docker-build
removes the existing docker container and persistent volume before starting
a new docker based build.

-C, --configure-args <args>
specify any custom user configuration arguments.

--clean-git-repo
clean out any 'bad' local git repo you already have.

--create-debug-symbols-package
create a debug-symbols only archive (if debug symbols were generated).

-d, --destination <path>
specify the location for the built binary, e.g. /path/.
This is typically used in conjunction with -T to create a custom path
/ file name for the resulting binary.

-D, --docker
build OpenJDK in a docker container.

--debug-docker
debug OpenJDK build script in a docker container. Only valid if -D is selected.

--disable-shallow-git-clone
disable the default fB--depth=1 shallow cloning of git repo(s).

-f, --freetype-dir
specify the location of an existing FreeType library.
This is typically used in conjunction with -F.

--freetype-build-param <parameter>
specify any special freetype build parameters (required for some OS's).

--freetype-version <version>
specify the version of freetype you are building.

-F, --skip-freetype
skip building Freetype automatically.
This is typically used in conjunction with -f.

-h, --help
print the man page.

-i, --ignore-container
ignore the existing docker container if you have one already.

-J, --jdk-boot-dir <jdk_boot_dir>
specify the JDK boot dir.
For reference, OpenJDK needs the previous version of a JDK in order to build
itself. You should select the path to a JDK install that is N-1 versions below
the one you are trying to build.

-k, --keep
if using docker, keep the container after the build.

--make-exploded-image
creates an exploded image (useful for codesigning jmods). Use --assemble-exploded-image once you have signed the jmods to complete the packaging steps.

-n, --no-colour
disable colour output.

-p, --processors <args>
specify the number of processors to use for the docker build.

-r, --repository <repository>
specify the repository to clone OpenJDK source from,
e.g. https://github.com/karianna/openjdk-jdk8u.

-s, --source <path>
specify the location to clone the OpenJDK source (and dependencies) to.

-S, --ssh
use ssh when cloning git.
In case of docker build add github.com to ~/.ssh/known_hosts (e.g.: ssh github.com)
if your ssh key has a passphrase, add it to ssh-agent (e.g.: ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa)

--sign
sign the OpenJDK binary that you build.

--sudo
run the docker container as root.

-t, --tag <tag>
specify the repository tag that you want to build OpenJDK from.

-T, --target-file-name <file_name>
specify the final name of the OpenJDK binary.
This is typically used in conjunction with -D to create a custom file
name for the resulting binary.

--tmp-space-build
use the temp directory for performing the build

-u, --update-version <update_version>
specify the update version to build OpenJDK from, e.g. 162.
For reference, OpenJDK version numbers look like 1.8.0_162-b12 (for Java 8) or
9.0.4+11 (for Java 9+) with the update number being the number after the '_'
(162) or the 3rd position in the semVer version string (4).
This is typically used in conjunction with -b.

--use-jep319-certs
Use certs defined in JEP319 in Java 8/9. This will increase the volume of traffic downloaded, however will
provide an up to date ca cert list.

-v, --version
specify the OpenJDK version to build e.g. jdk8u.  Left for backwards compatibility.

-V, --jvm-variant <jvm_variant>
specify the JVM variant (server or client), defaults to server.

Example usage:

./makejdk-any-platform --docker jdk8u
./makejdk-any-platform -T MyOpenJDK10.tar.gz jdk10

Script Relationships

[Build Variant Workflow](docs/images/AdoptOpenJDK_Build_Script_Relationships.png)

The main script to build OpenJDK is makejdk-any-platform.sh, which itself uses and/or calls configureBuild.sh, docker-build.sh and/or native-build.sh.

The structure of a build is:

  1. Configuration phase determines what the configuration of the build is based on your current platform and and optional arguments provided
  2. Configuration is written out to config/built_config.cfg
  3. Build is kicked off by either creating a docker container or running the native build script
  4. Build reads in configuration from built_config.cfg
  5. Downloads source, dependencies and prepares build workspace
  6. Invoke OpenJDK build via make
  7. Package up built artifacts

Building OpenJDK from other locations

Building OpenJDK from a non-AdoptOpenJDK repository

These scripts default to using AdoptOpenJDK as the OpenJDK source repo to build from, but you can override this with the -r flag. If you want to run from a non-default branch you can also specify -b e.g.

./makejdk-any-platform.sh -r https://github.com/sxa/openjdk-jdk8u -b main -J /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0 jdk8u

Building in a custom directory

Example Usage

./makejdk-any-platform.sh -J /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-10.0.2 -s $HOME/openjdk-jdk11u/src -d $HOME/openjdk-jdk11u/build -T MyOpenJDK11.tar.gz jdk11u

This would clone OpenJDK source from https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk11u to $HOME/openjdk-jdk11u/src, configure the build with sensible defaults according to your local platform and then build OpenJDK and place the result in /home/openjdk/target/MyOpenJDK11.tar.gz.

Metadata

Alongside the built assets a metadata file will be created with info about the build. This will be a JSON document of the form:

{
    "vendor": "AdoptOpenJDK",
    "os": "mac",
    "arch": "x64",
    "variant": "openj9",
    "variant_version": {
        "major": "0",
        "minor": "22",
        "security": "0",
        "tags": "m2"
    },
    "version": {
        "minor": 0,
        "security": 0,
        "pre": null,
        "adopt_build_number": 0,
        "major": 15,
        "version": "15+29-202007070926",
        "semver": "15.0.0+29.0.202007070926",
        "build": 29,
        "opt": "202007070926"
    },
    "scmRef": "<output of git describe OR buildConfig.SCM_REF>",
    "buildRef": "<build-repo-name/build-commit-sha>",
    "version_data": "jdk15",
    "binary_type": "debugimage",
    "sha256": "<shasum>",
    "full_version_output": "<output of java --version>",
    "configure_arguments": "<output of bash configure>"
}

The Metadata class is contained in the Metadata.groovy file and the Json is constructed and written in the openjdk_build_pipeline.groovy file.

It is worth noting the additional tags on the semver is the adopt build number.

Below are all of the keys contained in the metadata file and some example values that can be present.


  • vendor: Example values: [AdoptOpenJDK, Alibaba]

This tag is used to identify the vendor of the JDK being built, this value is set in the build.sh file and defaults to "AdoptOpenJDK".


  • os: Example values: [windows, mac, linux, aix, solaris]

This tag identifies the operating system the JDK has been built on (and should be used on).


  • arch: Example values: [aarch64, ppc64, s390x, x64, x86-32, arm]

This tag identifies the architecture the JDK has been built on and it intended to run on.


  • variant: Example values: [hotspot, openj9, corretto, dragonwell]

This tag identifies the JVM being used by the JDK, "dragonwell" itself is not a JVM but is currently considered a variant in its own right.


  • variant_version:

This tag is used to identify a version number of the variant being built, it currently is exclusively used by OpenJ9 and has the following keys:

  • major: Example values: [0, 1]

  • minor: Example values: [22, 23, 24]

  • security: Example values: [0, 1]

  • tags: Example values: [m1, m2]


  • version:

This tag contains the full version information of the JDK built, it uses the VersionInfo.groovy class and the ParseVersion.groovy class.

It contains the following keys:

  • minor: Example values: [0]

  • security: Example Values: [0, 9, 252 272]

  • pre: Example values: [null]

  • adopt_build_number: Example values: [0]
    If the ADOPT_BUILD_NUMBER parameter is used to build te JDK that value will appear here, otherwise a default value of 0 appears.

  • major: Example values: [8, 11, 15, 16]

  • version: Example values: [1.8.0_272-202010111709-b09, 11.0.9+10-202010122348, 14.0.2+11-202007272039, 16+19-202010120348]

  • semver: Example values: [8.0.202+8.0.202008210941, 11.0.9+10.0.202010122348, 14.0.2+11.0.202007272039, 16.0.0+19.0.202010120339]
    Formed from the major, minor, security, and build number by the formSemver() function.

  • build: Example values: [6, 9, 18]
    The OpenJDK build number for the JDK being built.

  • opt: Example values: [202008210941, 202010120348, 202007272039]


  • scmRef: Example values: [dragonwell-8.4.4_jdk8u262-b10, jdk-16+19_adopt-61198-g59e3baa94ac, jdk-11.0.9+10_adopt-197-g11f44f68c5, 23f997ca1]

A reference the the base JDK repository being build, usually including a Github commit reference, i.e. jdk-16+19_adopt-61198-g59e3baa94ac links to https://github.com/AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk-jdk/commit/59e3baa94ac via the commit SHA 59e3baa94ac.

Values that only contain a commit reference such as 23f997ca1 are OpenJ9 commits on their respective JDK repositories, for example 23f997ca1 links to the commit https://github.com/ibmruntimes/openj9-openjdk-jdk14/commit/23f997ca1.


  • buildRef: Example values: [openjdk-build/fe0f2dba, openjdk-build/f412a523]
    A reference to the build tools repository used to create the JDK, uses the format repository-name/commit-SHA.

  • version_data: Example values: [jdk8u, jdk11u, jdk14u, jdk]

  • binary_type: Example values: [jdk, jre, debugimage, testimage]

  • sha256: Example values: [20278aa9459e7636f6237e85fcd68deec1f42fa90c6c541a2dfa127f4156d3e2, 2f9700bd75a807614d6d525fbd8d016c609a9ea71bf1ffd5d4839f3c1c8e4b8e]
    A SHA to verify the contents of the JDK.

  • full_version_output: Example values:
openjdk version \"1.8.0_252\"\nOpenJDK Runtime Environment (Alibaba Dragonwell 8.4.4) (build 1.8.0_252-202010111720-b06)\nOpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (Alibaba Dragonwell 8.4.4) (build 25.252-b06, mixed mode)\n`

The full output of the command java -version for the JDK.


  • configure_arguments:
    The full output generated by configure.sh for the JDK built.

Build status

Table generated with generateBuildMatrix.sh

Platform Java 8 Java 9 Java 10 Java 11 Java 12 Java 13 Java 14 Java 15 Java HEAD
aix-ppc64-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
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linux-aarch64-openj9 Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
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linux-arm-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
linux-ppc64le-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
linux-ppc64le-openj9 Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
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linux-x64-corretto Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
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linux-x64-hotspot-jfr Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
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linux-x64-openj9 Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
linux-x64-openj9-linuxXL Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
mac-x64-corretto Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
mac-x64-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
mac-x64-openj9 Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
mac-x64-openj9-macosXL Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
solaris-sparcv9-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
solaris-x64-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
windows-x64-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
windows-x64-openj9 Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
windows-x64-openj9-windowsXL Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
windows-x86-32-hotspot Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status
windows-x86-32-openj9 Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status Build Status