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Programming language: Java
Latest version: v0.4.1
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README

[](./LICENSE)

ZeroCell

ZeroCell provides a simple API for loading data from Excel sheets into Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs) using annotations to map columns from an Excel sheet to fields in Java classes.

In case you don't fancy annotations or don't want to have to change your existing classes, you can map the columns to the fields without the annotations.

Why should I use this?

The library doesn't use the same approach that Apache POIs usermodel API and other POI based libraries use to process/store data loaded from the Excel file as a result it uses less resources as it doesn't process things such as Cell styles that take up memory. You also don't have to spend time setting data from cells to your Java objects, just define the mappings and let ZeroCell handle the rest.

What ZeroCell cannot do for you

  • Read or process excel workbook styles and other visual effects
  • Load data into complex object hierarchies
  • Write to excel files: The Apache POI library (which we use underneath) has a good API for writing to Excel files and provides the SXSSFWorkbook for writing large files in an efficient manner.

Usage

There are three ways to use zerocell: via annotations, the programmatic api and using the annotation processor.

First things first, add the following dependency to your pom.xml

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.creditdatamw.labs</groupId>
    <artifactId>zerocell-core</artifactId>
    <version>0.3.2</version>
</dependency>

Using Annotations

You create a class with @Column (and optionally @RowNumber) annotations to represent a row in an Excel sheet and then use the static methods on the Reader class to read the list of data from the file.

For example:

public class Person {
    @RowNumber
    private int rowNumber;

    @Column(index=0, name="FIRST_NAME")
    private String firstName;

    @Column(index=1, name="LAST_NAME")
    private String lastName;

    @Column(index=2, name="DATE_OF_BIRTH")
    private LocalDate dateOfBirth;

    // Getters and setters here ...

    public static void main(String... args) {
        // Then using the `Reader` class you can load 
        // a list from the excel file as follows:
        List<Person> people = Reader.of(Person.class)
                            .from(new File("people.xlsx"))
                            .sheet("Sheet 1")
                            .list();

        // You can also inspect the column names of 
        // the class using the static `columnsOf` method:
        String[] columns = Reader.columnsOf(Person.class);    
    }
}

Using the Programmatic API

If you don't want to use annotations you can still use ZeroCell to load from Excel sheet to your Java objects without too much work. The only difference with the annotation approach is that you have to define the column mappings via the Reader.using method.

For example:

public class Person {
    private int rowNo;

    private String id;

    private String firstName;

    private String middleName;

    private String lastName;

    private LocalDate dateOfBirth;

    private LocalDate dateOfRegistration;

    // Getters and setters here ...

    public static void main(String... args) {
        // Map the columns using, Reader.using method here
        List<Person> people = Reader.of(Person.class)
                            .from(new File("people.xlsx"))                            
                            .using(
                                new RowNumberInfo("rowNo", Integer.class),
                                new ColumnInfo("ID", "id", 0, String.class),
                                new ColumnInfo("FIRST_NAME", "firstName", 1, String.class),
                                new ColumnInfo("MIDDLE_NAME", "middleName", 2, String.class),
                                new ColumnInfo("LAST_NAME", "lastName", 3, String.class),
                                new ColumnInfo("DATE_OF_BIRTH", "dateOfBirth", 4, LocalDate.class),
                                new ColumnInfo("DATE_REGISTERED", "dateOfRegistration", 5, Date.class)
                            )
                            .sheet("Sheet 1")
                            .list();

        people.forEach(person -> {
            // Do something with person here    
        });    
    }
}

Using the Annotation Processor

ZeroCell provides an annotation processor to generate Reader classes to read records from Excel without Runtime reflection which makes the code amenable to better auditing and customization.

In order to use the functionality you will need to add the zerocell-processor dependency to your POM. This adds a compile-time annotation processor which generates the classes:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.creditdatamw.labs</groupId>
    <artifactId>zerocell-processor</artifactId>
    <version>0.3.2</version>
    <scope>provided</scope>
</dependency>

Then, in your code use the @ZerocellReaderBuilder annotation on a class that contains ZeroCell @Column annotations.

Using a class defined as in the example shown below:

package com.example;

@ZerocellReaderBuilder
public class Person {
    @RowNumber
    private int rowNumber;

    @Column(index=0, name="FIRST_NAME")
    private String firstName;

    @Column(index=1, name="LAST_NAME")
    private String lastName;

    @Column(index=2, name="DATE_OF_BIRTH")
    private LocalDate dateOfBirth;

    public static void main(String... args) {
        File file = new File("people.xlsx");
        String sheet = "Sheet 1";
        ZeroCellReader<Person> reader = new com.example.PersonReader();
        List<Person> people = reader.read(file, sheet);
        people.forEach(person -> {
            // do something with person
        });
    }
}

Generates a class in the com.example package

package com.example;

public class PersonReader implements ZeroCellReader {
  // generated code here
}

Using Converters

Converters allow you to process the value loaded from an Excel Cell for a particular field, primarily converters enable you to transform String values to another data type. This allows you to load data into fields that have types other than the default supported types.

An example converter is shown below:

public class SimpleISOCurrency {
    public final String isoCurrency;
    public final double amount;

    public SimpleISOCurrency(String iso, double amount) {
        assert amount > 0.0;
        this.isoCurrency = iso;
        this.amount = amount;
    }
}

public class MalawiKwachaConverter implements Converter<SimpleISOCurrency> {
    @Override
    public SimpleISOCurrency convert(String value, String columnName, int row) {
        return new SimpleISOCurrency("MWK", Double.parseDouble(value));
    }
}

// Usage looks like this:

// ...
@Column(index=1, name="Balance (MWK)", converter=MalawiKwachaConverter.class)
private SimpleISOCurrency balance;
// ...

Using converters for pre-processing

You can also use converters as sort of pre-processing step where you operate on the String from the file before it's set on the field.

Below is a simple example:

/**
 * Simple Converter that prefixes values with ID-
 */
public class IdPrefixingConverter implements Converter<String> {
    @Override
    public String convert(String value, String columnName, int row) {
        return String.format("ID-%s", value);
    }
}

// Usage looks like this:

// ...
@Column(index=3, name="ID No.", converter=IdPrefixingConverter.class)
private String idNo;
// ...

Basic ISO LocalDate Converter

Below is a simple implementation of an converter for java.time.LocalDate that you can use.

Please note: that if you need to parse date times considering timezones you should implement your own converter and use a type like OffsetDateTime


public class BasicISOLocalDateConverter implements Converter<LocalDate> {
    /**
    * Basic ISO converter - attempts to parse a string that is formatted as an
    * ISO8601 date and convert it to a java.time.LocalDate instance.
    * 
    * @param value the value to convert
    * @param column the name of the current column
    * @param row the current row index
    * 
    * @throws ZeroCellException if the value cannot be parsed as an ISO date
    */
    @Override
    public LocalDate convert(String value, String column, int row) {
        if (value == null) return null;
        DateTimeFormatter formatter = DateTimeFormatter.BASIC_ISO_DATE;
        try {
            return LocalDate.parse(value, formatter);
        } catch (DateTimeParseException e) {
            throw new ZeroCellException(e);
        }
    }
}

Loading the Correct Sheet

If you do not specify the name of the sheet to load from, zerocell attempts to load data from the first Sheet in the Workbook. If the Sheet doesn't have matching columns as the defined model an exception will be thrown. In order to ensure the correct sheet is loaded it is recommended to always specify the sheet name.

Exception Handling

The API throws ZeroCellException if something goes wrong, e.g. sheet not found. It is an unchecked exception and may cause your code to stop executing if not handled. Typically ZeroCellException will wrap another exception, so it's worth peeking at the cause using Exception#getCause.

CONTRIBUTING

See the [CONTRIBUTING.md](CONTRIBUTING.md) file for more information.


Copyright (c) Credit Data CRB Ltd


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the zerocell README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.